In the last days several “anniversaries” occurred, all referred to the same subject: nuclear weapons.
On July 9th 1955, eleven scientists, (and most of them Nobel awarded), signed the “Russell-Einstein Manifesto”: “Given that in a future world war, would certainly been used nuclear weapons, and that such weapons threaten the survival of humanity, we strongly ask all governments of the world to comprehend that their purpose cannot be pursued through a world war and therefore we insist that they can find peaceful ways to resolve all their disputes”.
Scientists launched this appeal looking at what had happened a few years earlier.
Exactly seventy years ago, on July 16th 1945, Americans made their first test of nuclear weapons, at military base of Alamogordo in Nex Mexico. Less than one month later, on August 6th, the United States of America decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. A decision that caused one to two hundred thousand of victims and most of them were civilians. Deaths that could have been avoided because the war was already decided. USA decision to drop the two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the result of the decision of the USA to assert their military power.
A power that, seventy years later, seems to exist no more: nowadays United States of America are the example of a country strong with the weak and weak with the strong.
Three days ago, on July 14th, Iran and the so-called “5 + 1” countries, i.e. the members of the UN Security Council with veto possibility (UK, France, US, Russia and China, and joined Germany), signed an agreement for non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in this Middle Eastern country. An agreement that (progressively) provides the end of international sanctions imposed on Iran in the last years. Now Iranian capacity to develop nuclear bombs is definetly cut for at least 10-15 years. Iran will start to market oil and other goods and can make use of the funds that had been blocked by the imposition of sanctions.
A decision that many have presented as the success of international diplomacy. The truth is that today, as reported in SIPRI (the largest and most trusted international organization in the field of weapons and arms) data, nine countries still have nuclear weapons: the United States of America, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Israel, Pakistan and the North Korea. Half of them have signed the New Start Treaty (which provided for the reduction of nuclear weapons), but over 93% of their nuclear weapons are still there (and regularly updated and operative).
Five of the countries that own nuclear weapons (US, Russia, China, UK and France, all countries who eventually have nuclear weapons and that in many cases they have risen) promised to reduce their quantity. But the number of nuclear weapons hasn’t been reduced: France, according to SIPRI data, in 2014 owned 300 nuclear missiles: in 2015, their numbers is exactly the same. Something similar happened in the USA: in 2014 nuclear weapons were 7300, in 2015, they have been reduced of 0.5 percent. Instead, missiles of Chinese army have grown up (from 250 in 2014 up to 260 in 2015).
UN has never initiate any procedure for nuclear proliferation for these countries. Neither was never declared any embargo for them.
And no embargo exists against other countries that have nuclear weapons. India, Israel, North Korea and Pakistan have never signed any non-proliferation treaty. India, Israel and Pakistan have a nuclear arsenal dangerous and they are actually engaged in armed conflict (Israel against Palestine and India against Pakistan).